Situated at the sources of the Bisenzio river, amid the Tusco-Emilian Apennines, the medieval village of Cantagallo is an excellent base from which to explore the nearby mountains, climbing panoramic footpaths.

Villa GuicciardiniSituated at the sources of the Bisenzio river, amid the Tusco-Emilian Apennines, the medieval village of Cantagallo is an excellent base from which to explore the nearby mountains, climbing panoramic footpaths.

Migliana (603 mt)
We can reach Migliana, little town all set around the Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta, if we take a beautiful road through forests of chestnuts. From the open space in front of the church, rebuilt after the First World War, visitors can enjoy an excellent view on the Calvana Mountains.
There are two good reasons to visit Migliana: the first one is its panoramic position from which to explore the nearby mountains and second one is its traditional gastronomic festivals, such as the "sbruciatata" (October Chestnut Festival), which takes place in the autumn when the chestnuts are harvested.

Palazzo Comunale di LuiccianaLuicciana (423 mt)
At Mercatale di Vernio turn right to Luicciana, the municipal seat of Cantagallo.
Totally destroyed during the Second World War, the town was rebuilt and recently enriched by a small, open air Contemporary Art Museum, which consists of a number of interesting works of art made by several Italian and foreign artists.
Mulino del Rosso

The valley of the Bisenzio

The valley of the Bisenzio is enclosed between the ridge of the Calvana mountains, from which rises in the north-east of Prato the pyramidal outline of Retaia and the woody ridge of the Appennines.It is a territory of ancient culture and traditions, peopled with villages built on roman rural settlements

Chiesa di San Lorenzo a Fossato

From the end of the tenth century the important monastic settlements (Vaiano, Montepiano, etc.) covered a propulsive role for the economy of the area in addition to the religious action and the assistance to the pilgrims.


At the end of 1800 there was a remarkable change in the economy with the expansion of the textile industry along the course of the Bisenzio, which brought about deep transformations in the territory. The Alberteschi castles of the territory were numerous although few traces remain by now especially in Fossato, in Luicciana, in Codilupo.  The most imposing remains are Cerbaia and Vernio's fortressess.
High above the State Road 325, in a position overlooking the valley, stand the impressive remains of the Rocca di Cerbaia (Cerbaia Fortress - 12th-13th centuries), ancient fortress belonging to the Alberti family of Prato. To reach the Rocca take a footpath (CAI 48, marked by red and white bands) across the medieval Cerbaia Bridge (1330), which continues up to Montecuccoli (593 m), a tiny hamlet on the border between Cantagallo and Mugello zones.

Rocca di CerbaiaRocca Cerbaia (Cerbaia Fortress)

The Rocca of Cerbaia, also named only Rocca Cerbaia, dominates the peak of a rocky spur four hundred meters high overlooking the valley of the river Bisenzio. Its origin seems to go back to the beginnings of the 12th century, when the Count Alberti erected on the site a small fortress at control of the ancient road of 'Lombardy', main connection between Tuscany and the northern regions of Italy. Despite its predominantly military functions, the fortress was also for a long period used by the Alberti family as their usual residence, and this is confirmed from the touch of good manufacture still visible inside the keep. The legend, surely deprived of foundation, says that in 1285 the Alberti refused the request of political asylum of the great Poet Dante Alighieri, exiliated from Florence. The same Poet made famous one of the descending daughters of the family, Cunizza Alberti, protagonist of an animate sentimental life in the 'Divine Comedy' (Heaven IX, 13-36).

Ponte e Rocca di Cerbaia

In 1361 the fortress was sold to the Florentine that, due to its important strategic position, garrisoned permanently the stronghold and reinforced its defenses. Rocca Cerbaia has the classical aspect of the italian medieval castle-fence: a mighty Keep dominates from the center two circuits of walled enclosures approximately of square form. The construction, performed in sandstone of which the zone is rich, lies our days in serious conditions of degrade. Nevertheless vast portions of the first wall circuit still remains, with the Main Gate inserted on the south side; just crossed the gate we find on the left the rests of the Chapel of the complex. Between the ruins of the second ward we can notice the cistern, with a barrel coverage, and some other buildings. In the core of the fortification rises the Keep with its central tower, once highest than today, with functions of look-out and are still visibles the breaches of the windows and a piscina on the eastern wall. This was the residence of the castle constable. It seems that this part of the complex has been reconstructed toward the half the 13th century, taking as model the Castello dell'Imperatore (Emperor's Castle) of the near city of Prato. Is not possible to affirm with certainty that this corresponds to truth, due to the actual disastrous condition of the Rocca. Some parts of the ruins, in particular those from the side of the precipice, are yet to serious risk of definitive collapse.Recently the castle has been bought by the commune of Cantagallo, with the support of the province of Prato, for 60 million of Lire and the community is planning the works of restoration and valorization of Rocca Cerbaia.

GavignoAcquerino Luogomano (635 mt)

Along the ridges of Buicciana mountain is the lovely natural resort of Acquerino Luogomano. Hikers will certainly love exploring the paths among these mountains, rich in magnificent century old beech, fir and chestnut woods, great views and easy climbs.

But this is not all.

Around here there are restaurants and inns where to eat local dishes and small hotels, farmhouses and alpine refuges where to stay, such as the Rifugio Pacini of Pian della Rasa (1001 mt).

Acquerino Biogenetic Reserve, a medieval settlementAcquerino Biogenetic Reserve, a medieval settlement

Archaeological research on a site of around 1600sqm has brought to light a large building complex which contains the identifiable remains of a single apse church. The data gathered suggest that the site may have been a well-organised monastic complex which existed in medieval times and disappeared shortly after the foundation of the Abbey of Fontana at Taona at the beginning of the 11th century.

Acquerino Biogenetic Reserve, a medieval settlementAcquerino Biogenetic Reserve, a medieval settlement

Cantagallo: discover the surroundings

  • Vernio Vernio (5 km)
    Set amid green mountains rich in water and cool holiday resorts, the municipality of Vernio is the right place to take a break from pollution and noise and enjoy the silence of nature.
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  • Vaiano Vaiano (7 km)
    Vaiano it is the most important town in the valley. The most important building is the Badia di S.Salvatore located in the center of the town
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  • Mugello Mugello (11 km)
    Mugello is only few kilometres from Florence and we can find traces of history worthy of a great European capital.
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  • Old steam engine trains in Tuscany Old steam engine trains in Tuscany (11 km)
    In Tuscany old steam engine trains are still in function and aim combining the discover of history with the discovery of the region and its beautiful landscapes.
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  • Montemurlo Montemurlo (13 km)
    The Fortress dominates the center of a beautiful park. It is a strong building made of "alberese"stone in quadrangular form.
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  • Prato Prato (17 km)
    Prato, a comune square, made at the end of the thirtieth century at the crossroad of two main roads, is the ideal and geometrical centre of the town.
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  • Travel Prato Travel Prato (17 km)
    Prato and its surroundings are ideal destinations for tourists, especially young people looking for a vacation of study and intelligent entertainment.
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  • Pistoia Pistoia (19 km)
    Pistoia, a city of Roman foundation, which maintains its original urban aspects even in the Dark Ages.
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  • Travel Pistoia Travel Pistoia (19 km)
    Pistoia and all its surrounding area are just waiting to be discovered through slow walks, sporting activities, art, gastronomy, and music.
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  • A Tour of the villas and gardens of Pistoia A Tour of the villas and gardens of Pistoia (19 km)
    Set in the Tuscan countryside among farmhouses and hamlets, woods, cultivated lands and gardens, the villas of Pistoia bring together many things.
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  • Scarperia Scarperia (20 km)
    Scarperia became the seat of the Vicariate, the representative of the administrative and judicial power of Florence.
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  • Borgo San Lorenzo Borgo San Lorenzo (24 km)
    Borgo San Lorenzo which is the most important centre of the Mugello, rises at the widest part of the Sieve Valley.
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  • Poggio a Caiano Poggio a Caiano (24 km)
    Set in a pleasant spot on the Ombrone river, Poggio a Caiano is a modern town dominated by its magnificent Medici Villa "Ambra".
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  • Carmignano Carmignano (25 km)
    Surrounded by the fascinating hilly landscape of Montalbano where vineyards and olive groves supply excellent wines and extra virgin olive oil, Carmignano has much to offer.
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  • The Ancient Boundaries of Mountain of Pistoia The Ancient Boundaries of Mountain of Pistoia (25 km)
    The Pistoia mountains, as natural obstacles, are often considered borders destined to separate opposing sides.
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  • Fiesole Fiesole (29 km)
    Fiesole, 300 m. in altitude in the main Piazza Mino, is not far from the centre of Florence only 5 Km. The landscape is dotted with olive trees, cypresses, from spots of forest and from houses and villas.
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