Lucignano is one of the most interesting centres in Tuscany because of its original castle on an elliptical plan, closed in by a wall with towers.

Lucignano - ArezzoLucignanoThis is one of the most interesting centres in Tuscany because of its original castle on an elliptical plan, closed in by a wall with towers. The old village centre presents, perfectly conserved, the Palazzo Comunale dating from the XIII cent.. Inside is a small museum containing paintings from the Siena and Aretine Schools as well as valuable pieces of gold works from the late Gothic period such as the famous Tree relic of Lucignano. Of great note are other religious buildings and the church of San Francesco decorated with frescoes by the Sienese painters Bartolo di Fredi and Taddeo di Bartolo. Of great interest is the one above the first altar of the right aisle known as the Trionfo della Morte in which, in a very effective wa, is represented the precariousness of human life. The imagination and the inspiration of its characters are shown in spring on the occasion of the Maggiolata Lucignanese where the sounds and colours reliven a tradition rich in history and music.
Lucignano - Arezzo
Sights of interest of Lucignano:
Collegiata di San Michele Arcangelo

Built on a design by Orazio Porta XVI century, it contains art works by artists from the XVI to the XVII century amongst whom are Giacinto Gimignani, Matteo Rosselli; a valuable marble altarpiece by Andrea Pozzo and a splendid wooden Crucifix from the XIV century

Chiesa di San Francesco
Dating from the XIII in Gothic form and decorated inside by valuable Sienese frescoes from the XIV to the XV century amongst which are Taddeo di Bartolo and Bartolo di Fredi. Of interest is the scene, on the wall of the right hand nave, of the Trionfo della Morte .

Santuario Santa Maria della Querce
The church dates from the second half of the XVI century from a design by Giorgio Vasari.

Chiesa della SS. Annunziata o della Misericordia
The church was commissioned by the Compagnia della Misericordia in the XV century and contains Renaissance decorations

Chiesa di San Biagio
It was the pieve of Lucignano dedicated to San Felice dating back to 1016. Of the early construction only a bell-tower is left.

Lucignano : L'Albero della Vita di LucignanoMuseo Comunale
The Museo Comunale contains valuable pieces of Aretine gold work of late Gothic period amongst which is the famous Albero (tree) relic and paintings from the XIII to the XVII century.

The fortress
Lucignano, fortified town in the southern Tuscany, represents one of the most intact and perfect example of medieval concentric town-planning (realized thanks to the use of only ring-roads inside the town walls). Its roads are a intricate maze that leads to the highest point of the town, where the Palazzo the Comunale, Chiesa of S.Francesco and the Collegiata rises. The importance of Lucignano is all in its strategic geographic positioning, on a hill of 414 meters at dominion of the Valdichiana and of the main road of connection between Siena and Arezzo. For this reason the castle was always strongly hard-fought.

From the 1200 to the 1500 Lucignano has endured continues passages of jurisdiction between Siena, Arezzo, Florence and Perugia, city from which it had in gift the the coat of arms with the Winged Griffin, to which was added a star. The name 'Lucignano' derives probably from a Roman castrum founded from the consul Licinio, become 'Lucinianum' after the city was taken by Lucio Silla in the first century AC, the proof of settlement's antiquity is confirmed by many important archaeological reports of Etruscan age found in this area.

The top of the hill, where rose the original castle, was gradually transformed in a center of the political and religious power. In 1371, under the domination of Siena, the works of fortification ended with the finishing of the town walls, of which large parts gifted with some towers still remain, and the three gates: Porta S.Giusto, Porta S.Giovanni, and the so called Porta Murata, few years later was built the Rocca, or Cassero Senese, just against the town-walls at integration of the city defense. The Rocca has square shape and the responsible of its construction was the architect Bartolo Bartoli, from its walls emerges a mighty and high quadrangular tower, equipped of machicolation, while another one smaller, comes out from the northeast angle, towards the city, to control the main public square and the Collegiata. The complex is now private property and object of restoration [ in the past years it contained also a cinema!] with the works in an advanced phase.

Lucignano : Fortezza Medicea e Rocca Senese In the year 1554 Lucignano passed under the Medicean control and the Florentine Republic began a great series of urbanistic works like the construction of the Fortress, wanted in the 1558 by Cosimo and attributed to the architect Bernardo Puccini, the sanctuary of the Madonna della Querce, attributed to Vasari and placed outside the historical center (1568) the religious house of the Cappuccini (the 1580), the churches of Misericordia (1582) and Collegiata (1594).

The Fortezza, that rises isolated [today in front of the new cemetery ] on the hill opposite the one were the city stands, is made up of two bastions in stone turned towards the Sienese territory and joined together with a stone curtain [the two round towers that rise on each bastion are a last century addiction, used as windmills]. The construction of the fortress was never ended and today its ruins lack of maintenance and are partially invaded by vegetation.

Lucignano: discover the surroundings

  • The Sentiero della Bonifica The Sentiero della Bonifica (6 km)
    Sentiero della Bonifica cycle and pedestrian path which joins Arezzo to Chiusi is about 62 km along Valdichiana equipped for those who wish to travel slowly, either by bike or on foot.
    Read more
  • Foiano della Chiana Foiano della Chiana (6 km)
    Evidence of Etruscan settlements of the VI-IV centuries BC testify to the ancient origins of Foiano and the nearby town of Pozzo della Chiana.
    Read more
  • The Valley of the Chiana The Valley of the Chiana (7 km)
    The Valley of the Chiana is the most vast of the Apennine valleys occupying more than 500 square kilometres of immaculately tended cultivation appearing as a garden from Cortona.
    Read more
  • Monte San Savino Monte San Savino (7 km)
    Monte San Savino is the birthplace of the great Renaissance sculptor Andrea Contucci called Il Sansovino and of Pope Julius III.
    Read more
  • Trequanda Trequanda (11 km)
    The medieval village of Trequanda, crowned by the remnants of the ancient Cacciaconti castle, stands a hill 462 meters high sited between the Val di Chiana and the Val d' Asso.
    Read more
  • Rapolano Terme Rapolano Terme (12 km)
    In the Middle Ages the territory of Rapolano Terme was part of the properties of the Counts of the Scialenga who dominated over the main castle of the area.
    Read more
  • Torrita di Siena Torrita di Siena (12 km)
    The first historical records referring to Torrita di Siena date back to the 11th century when the name appears in an Amiata legal code of the year 1037.
    Read more
  • Castiglion Fiorentino Castiglion Fiorentino (16 km)
    The inhabited nucleus of Castiglion Fiorentino was developed in the Etruscan period and the Hellenistic period. After the Romans conquered the Arezzo territory they organized agricultural production in the form of villas.
    Read more
  • Asciano Asciano (16 km)
    The city of Asciano is on high ground in the upper Ombrone valley, on the old Via Lauretana.
    Read more
  • Monte Oliveto Maggiore abbey Monte Oliveto Maggiore abbey (16 km)
    Monte Oliveto Maggiore is a Congregation, found in a marvellous spot just south of Siena, in what is characteristic of this countryside, the crete senesi.
    Read more
  • Crete Senesi Crete Senesi (16 km)
    The territory of Crete Senesi contains all of those things which we have come to associate with Tuscany
    Read more
  • San Giovanni d'Asso San Giovanni d'Asso (19 km)
    San Giovanni d'Asso is located from the hill dominating the valley of the Asso torrent the Crete and offer a magic and atmospheres of a pure and perfumed land.
    Read more
  • Cortona Cortona (19 km)
    Cortona was an Etruscan town that today offers many important remains.
    Read more
  • Montepulciano Montepulciano (20 km)
    The city of Montepulciano as very particular configuration: it is constructed along a geological ridge running down from the highest point.
    Read more
  • Castelnuovo Berardenga Castelnuovo Berardenga (21 km)
    The municipal territory of Castelnuovo Berardenga extends for 177,03 square kilometres between the plain and the hills of the high valley of the river Ombrone.
    Read more
  • Chianti Sculpture park Chianti Sculpture park (21 km)
    Inside the Chianti sculpture park an Amphitheatre/sculpture has been created to offer visitors a rich programme of concerts and cultural events.
    Read more